This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to analyze a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to analyze a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing concerning the initial or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis may phone the validity of this arguments of this lens piece into concern, expand the arguments for the lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation associated with two texts. In either case, you’ll be generating a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

Because you will ultimately desire to hone in on points of commonality and discord between your two texts, your order and manner by which you read them is a must.

First, read the lens text to spot the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it could be beneficial to develop a plan for the author’s main points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main tips” of this lens text, in place of working with isolated quotes that will or might not be indicative regarding the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly comprehend and that can articulate the author’s details before continuing towards the target text.

Next, quickly see the target text to build up an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see general points of disagreement or agreement between your two texts? Which of this lens text’s arguments that are main be employed to your target text? It could be more straightforward to concentrate on a couple of for the lens text’s arguments that are central.

By using these a few ideas in your mind, return back and browse the target text very carefully, through the lens that is theoretical thinking about the next questions: which are the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components into the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Are there any circumstances where in actuality the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It really is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of web page figures, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this variety of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it really is specially crucial to possess a definite strategy before beginning composing. It may help to group quotes or activities by material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere change the arguments within the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, a few ideas, and arguments will start to emerge and you may start drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As the paper has to do with the complex interactions between numerous texts, it is critical to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Remember to demonstrably introduce the lens text and its own arguments that are specific are going to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its themes that are specific activities you will end up handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or types of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of connection you’ll be speaking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing the human body

The human body is where you use particular arguments through the lens text to particular quotes or circumstances into the target text. In each full instance, be sure to discuss just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice versa). Utilize the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the prospective text, but remember to be clear about where tips into the paper are coming from (the lens text, the prospective text, your own personal interpretation etc.) so that the reader does not be confused.

By doing this sort of analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your very own tips. As that is undoubtedly easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Inside their guide, they state, I state, the authors construct numerous templates to simply help authors take part in unknown types of critical discourse that is academic. They encourage pupils to use the templates in virtually any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.

right Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:

The writer regarding the lens write my essay text lays out a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Indeed, into the target text, one sees that is______, which may be viewed a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Consequently, we come across a point of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

In line with the lens text _______ tends that occurs in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the goal text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that composer of the lens text is proper that ________, you would be prepared to see ________ in the mark text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a vital point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This matter is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Remember to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control in which you are composing. Put differently, that which was the idea of performing your analysis into the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I State. (Nyc: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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